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The perfect shoe: Myth or reality?

Finding the perfect shoes has become a popular subject these last few years. We have seen many fashions throughout the last years: the maximalist, the minimalist, the barefeet, the anti fatigue fashion, etc. In all, everything to confuse as to our choice of the best buy.

In podiatry, we are often asked the following question: "What are THE PERFECT pair of shoe that I should buy, the ideal shoe? " There is no simple answer. The ideal shoes for you  may not necessarily be the same for your neighbor, cousin and this is perfectly normal. 

The reason ? The mechanics of your body, your posture and the morphology of your feet are completely different from you to another person. Since the principal role of our shoes is to provide the best support for our feet, the ideal shoe can cary in relation to your type of foot and the  activity you wish to practice. 

For example, Mrs. X has a foot that has a high arch. If we recommend flat shoes for Mrs. X, she will probably develop tendonitis or lower back pain. Therefore, the perfect shoe for Mrs. X would be a shoe with a heel high that concords with the degree of deviation of her foot.

For someone with flat feet, the perfect shoe must include a certain degree of control for the flexibility of the foot in ordre to avoid excessive pronation and offer good support. 

For someone with cavus feet, the most important criteria would be an absorbant outsole in the heel area, for the simple reason that cavus feet do not absorb shock on contact.

Therefore, there is no perfect shoe that can accommodate everyone. 

If you wish to determine your type of feet and the shoes that would be perfect for you, a visit with your podiatrist could be helpful and at the same time minimise the cost of shoes that are not adapted to your condition. 

Frostbites

During this cold period of the year, it is even more important to take precautions when it’s time to go outside if we want to fully enjoy outdoor activities and avoid cold injuries such as frostbites.

Frostbite occurs when the skin is exposed to cold for a prolonged period of time. The commonly affected areas are the extremities such as ears, nose, cheeks, fingers and toes. It is important to be well dressed before going outside for a long period.

Frostbite has several stages. First, the skin turns either red or white and becomes cold at touch. This can lead to numbness, tingling and even lead to intense burning.

- Slight frostbite : the skin whitens and crystals start to form within soft tissue. 24 to 36 hours following warming of the affected area, small blisters may appear.

- Severe frostbite: Total loss of sensation. Frostbite extends to the underlying tissue and members can stop working. 24 to 48 hours after warming the affected area, big blisters may appear and the member may turn black and necrotic.

How to treat: Remove wet clothing. Warm the region slowly with body heat, hands or underarms. Avoid friction. Most of all, do not warm the affected area with warm water, the sudden change in temperature can damage the blood vessels.

 

How to prevent: Avoid prolonged exposure to cold, especially during windy days. Dress appropriately with several layers of comfortable clothing, not too tight. Wear well-fitting socks, that breathe well and do not retain moisture. It is always a good idea to carry a second pair of socks, just in case. It is important to change clothes as soon as they become damp.

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